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Malbec By The Numbers

Today is Malbec World Day in case you needed an excuse to raise a glass of the grape that is now synonymous with Argentina. The holiday “celebrates our essence, what our people do best and what best represents our growth and expansion as a country,” according to Wines of Argentina (WoA).

Malbec—originally a French variety—has become the iconic Argentine grape and enabled the country to become the world’s fifth largest producer of wine. It is planted up and down a 1,500 mile stretch from Jujuy in the north to Patagonia in the south. Malbec accounts for 38.6% of the 224,707 hectares (555,263 acres) planted with vines, WoA says.

Argentina's Achaval Ferrer vneyards. Courtesy of Achaval Ferrer
Argentina’s Achaval Ferrer vneyards.

For producer Achaval Ferrer, which makes wine in Argentina’s Mendoza region, Malbec represents 72 percent of its production, but 83 percent of its total 2016 sales, according to Julio Lasmartres, the winery’s sales and marketing director. The largest market for Achaval Ferrer’s Malbec is “by far, the United States.”

It is the same story Grupo Molinos, which owns Nieto Senetiner, Ruca Malen and Cadus wineries. According to Federico Ruiz, their U.S. sales manager, Malbec is not only the leading grape for the export market, but also for the domestic one.

Malbec was Argentina’s most exported variety in 2019, comprising 79.3 million liters and $327 million. It was exported to 124 countries last year.

In the last three years, however, Malbec sales generally have been flat with very low single digits up and down, Ruiz notes.

In 2016, U.S. sales of Malbec “achieved around 61 percent of the total sales of the winery,” says Lasmartes.

For Achaval Ferrer, the number of cases exported in 2016 and 2015 were about the same — 30,000. The difference was that in 2016, “we had a better mix of product and better value,” says Lasmartes, adding the difference in value grew more than 30 percent in 2016, compared with 2015.

However, the 2016 harvest was also the lowest one in 50 years, Laura Alturria, of Argentina’s Enological Technical Commission, told the English-language website Citing climate change, she suggested reduced harvests were the new normal.

So enjoy Malbec, while you can still get it.

Note: This story was updated March 25, 2020.